Intertextualidade e o cânone retórico

Richard Joseph Schoeck

Resumo


Este artigo parte de uma história etimológica dos termos "retórica" e "cânone" para abordar a interdependência de métodos e meios entre a arte literária (produção e crítica) e o tradicional sistema retórico que esteve na base da educação europeia desde a Antiguidade. A intertextualidade é reconhecida como uma "constante literária universal", e são apontados os modos pelos quais o ensino formal teve um papel central na validação do cânone literário na Idade Média e no Renascimento. Ao final, apontam-se caminhos para avaliar, decodificar e relativizar a tradição retórica no contexto da crítica moderna, ressaltando que o processo de desconstrução não deve implicar o desmantelamento das estruturas, mas uma consciente manifestação de cada uma delas.

Palavras-chave: arte literária; crítica; intertextualidade; cânone; retórica.

Abstract:

Starting form an etymological history of the terms "rhetoric" and "canon", the article addresses the interdependence of methods and means between literary art (production and criticism) and the traditional rhetorical system that has been at the basis of European education since Antiquity. Intertextuality is recognized as a "universal literary constant," pointing out the ways in which formal (particularly British) teaching in the Middle Ages and in the Renaissance played a central role in validating the literary canon. In the end, ways to evaluate, decode and relativize the rhetorical tradition in the context of modern criticism are pointed out, emphasizing that the process of deconstruction should not imply the dismantling of structures, but a conscious manifestation of each one of them.

Keywords: literary art; criticism; intertextuality; canon; rhetoric.


Palavras-chave


Arte literária; crítica; intertextualidade; cânone; retórica.

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Referências


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